A while ago, I did a post about the Therapeutic Goods Administration, and how it assesses the safety of therapeutic Goods.
Today, I want to talk a little more about the work of the TGA.
Any legally-available medications in Australia, will have somewhere on their packages either AUST R with a number or AUST L with a number.
You can take the number and search the TGA website to get details of the medication, and its makers and suppliers.
So what do these mean?
AUST R means the product is registered with the TGA. This category includes all prescription medications and a lot of over-the-counter medications, and therapeutic devices. These are drugs that can be dangerous if used incorrectly, and the manufacturers have had to prove to the TGA that the drugs work for the purpose they're intended for, and that the benefit of using them outweighs the risks involved. Extensive independent studies have to be produced to support the case for having a product registered.
AUST L means the product is listed with the TGA. Listed products have to be made up of ingredients that have been proven to be basically harmless. The TGA doesn't require manufacturers to provide evidence of what the drugs do in the particular combination of ingredients. There is a caveats with AUST L being completely harmless - some things that on their own are safe, can react in bad ways with other things (eg your other medications). It's important to make sure you talk with your doctor or pharmacist about everything you're taking, in case two things really are dangerous together. AUST L medications are not allowed to claim to be appropriate to treat major health issues (eg lupus, migraine, or anything else you would see a doctor for, unless it's an obvious thing, like a vitamin to treat a vitamin deficiency.)
When your doctor prescribes medication to treat lupus, they will be AUST R medications.
When you get a pain reliever or an antihistamine over the counter from your pharmacist, that will be an AUST R medication.
If your blood tests show you're deficient in a vitamin or mineral, eg B12 or calcium, your doctor might advise you to take those. They will be AUST L medications. Vitamins and minerals can be great for treating vitamin and mineral deficiencies.
You will probably find a mix of both AUST R and AUST L medications in your medicine drawer or cupboard.
If you find an AUST L medication that's listed as curing or treating lupus, or cancer, etc, contact the TGA - because that's going way beyond what they're allowed to say and way beyond what they are proven to do.
If you find a "medication" that doesn't have either AUST R or AUST L on it, inform the TGA, and do not under any circumstances use the product. It will be illegal, unproven, and possibly unsafe.
Reference: Therapeutic Goods Administration - Registered and Listed Medicines
Related Post: Assessing the Safety of Therapeutic Goods